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. – .f #” -ý I } J : ii ~B · -* -aB qua e- .4 – I’ – y — . [AND” BETWEEN, WITH NO SIGNS OF LIFE SAVE BURSTING SHELLS AND HOVERING AEROPLANES. THE ” ULTIMA THULE ” OF A GREAT-WAR BATTLEFIELD: THE OPPOSING LINES AND “NO-MAN’S-
The advent of the airman has made war largely a science of concealment, and anyone visiting a moder battlefeld while an action as in progres would find that the nearer he approached to the firing-line, the feter soldiers he would see : in fact, in all probability he would see none at all except at rare intervals. ” -W e” brought out this curious phenomenon very vividly in a recent ” descriptive account” After taking the reader step by step from the General Headquarters towards the front, he continues, on arriving at the Divisional Headquarters : ” Here in this neighbourhood are to be found the first visible signs that fighting is going on. These . . . consist, paradoxically enough, in the actual absence of any traces of the presence of masses of soldiers, for though the area from here onwards may contain thousands of troops, all cavalry, artillery, and infantry will alike be as hidden away in villages, in woods, or in folds of the ground that there will be no trace of them in the landscape. This i one result of the all-pervading and all-eeing aeroplane…. Yet another stage farther towards the fighting line are the brigade headquarters. . . . In this ristrict there are even less traces of military occupation than farther back. . . . Still
uather a some 400 or oo yards from brigade headquarters, lies the belt of country in which hide the supports and actual firing-line. In this will be found the battalion- conu anders. Seamed with dug-outs, burrows, trenehes, and escavations of every kind, and dotted with craters, it is bounded on the front by a long, discontinuous, irregular line singed with barbed wire and broken by saps wriggling still more to the front. This is the Ultima Thule. Beyond, of width varying according to the nature of the fighting and of the ground, is neutral territory, the No-an’s-Land between the hostile forces. It is strewn with the dead of both sides. . . . On the other side of this zone of the unburied dead bristles a similar fringe of wire and a long suceessoen of low mounds and parapetthe position of the enemy. And woe betide the man who in daylight puts up his head carelessly to take a long glance at it I ” The drawing shows in the foreground the Ames’ second trenches and the advanced trenchs beyond, with aps twisting towards the German lines, which are beyond the barbed-wire fence in the middle distnce.-Ofiad Coa rWt isM as Udand S and Casada]