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ýr – ,- , r . . . .. i DEATH ON ITS WAY FROM UNDER-WATER CRAFT TO ON-THE-TOP-OF-THE-WATER CRAFT: THE WAKE OF A TORPEDO FIRED FROM A SUBMARINE AT A BATTLE-SHIP.
1 i TH GNUSLES: IGTNGA OPEO
tyo Ni t _ . THE WEAPON UPON WHICH THE SUBMARINE DEPENDS: PLACING A TORPEDO IN ITS TUBE
S THE WEAPON WHICH, USED BY SUBMARINES, WILL, IN THE BELIEF OF SOME, RENDER THE BATTLE-SHIP VALUELESS: PLACING THE CALCIUM TIUBE IN A TORPEDO’S HEAD
THE SUBMARINE THAT WORKS ITSELF: A TORPEDO STRIKING THE TORPEDO-NET OF A WAR-SHIP THE TORPEDO SHOWN IN SECTION.
THE TRAIL OF THE HIDDEN DEATH THE TRACK OF A TORPEDO WHICH IS SPEEDING’ TOWARDS A BATTLE-SHIP. – -*`
Rjo WitCMDRIVEN BAC,~EhuAGES TIr1 PROPELLERWHICH ROPELLER IGER & FIRE SH1LL Ev5otVEL~ S AAUSES LETRGEI RE LEAE OFSILL COI , SBODY OF TORPDO BOD TORRPEDO AN &8INCH GUN WHICH TRAVELS UNDER WATER AND FIRES A SHELL THROUGH A WAR-SHIP’S HULL: , , THE DAVIS PROJECTILE-CARRYING TORPEDO.
In a recent letter, published in the ” Times,” which has aroused an enormous amount of controversy, Sir Percy Scott, the well – known Admiral and gunnery expert, said :” The real question to settle before even talking about building more battle-ships is, ‘ Are they of use or are they iot?’ . . . The introduction of the vessels that swim under water has, in my opinion, entirely done away with the utility of the ships that swim on the top of the water. The functions of a war-vessel were: Defensively–() to attack ships that come to bombard our forts; (2) to attack ships that come to blockade us; (3) to attack ships convoying a landing-party; (4) to attack the enemy’s fleet; (5) to attack ships interfering with our commerce. Offensively: (I) to tombard an enemy’s ports; (2) to blockade an e’nemy; (3) to convoy a landing-party; (4) to attack the enemy’s fleet; (5) to attack the enemy’s commerce. The submarine renders I, 2, and 3 impossible, as no man-of-war will dare to come even within sight of a coast that is adequately protected by submarines . .. The fourth function of a battle-ship is to attack an enemy’s fleet, but there will be no fleet to attack, as it will not be safe for a fleet to put to sea . … Submarines and aeroplanes have entirely revolutionised naval warfare; no fleet can hide itself from the aeroplane eye, and the submarine can deliver a deadly attack in broad daylight. Under these circumstances,
I can see no use for battle-ships and very little chance of much employment for fast cruisers . . What we require is an enormous fleet of submarines, air-ships, and aeropianes, and a few fast cruisers, provided we can find a place to keep them in safety during war time …. In my opinion, as the motor-vehicle has driven the horse from the road, so has zne sub- marine driven the battle-ship from the sea.” With regard to Illustration 5, it should be added that torpedoes are provided with special steel cutters designed to enable them to cut through the strongest steel torpedo-net. As to No. 7, it should be said that the usual torpedo with head carrying a charge of gun-cotton has insufficient penetrative power to sink the modern armour-clad war-ship unless it strikes it under exceptionally favourable circumstances. A large percentage of its destructive power is expended on the outer skin of the vessel. Commander Davis, U.S.N., has invented a torpedo to carry that power undiminished into the interior of the vessel. This has within it an 8-inch gun capable of expelling a shell with a muszle-velocity of some looo feet a second. The projectile carries a bursting charge of a high explosive, and this charge is detonated by a delayed-action fuse. On the torpedo striking its target, the gun is fired and the shell strikes the outside plating of the ship. Then the fuse in the shell’s base begins to act, and explodes the charge in the shell so many hundredths of a second after the impact