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Imperial Rssia: Her Power and Her Progress

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Nicholas II., Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias, King of Poland, Grand-Duke of Finland, etc., etc., was born at St. Petersburg on May 6, 1868, son of the Emperor Alexander III. On November 14, 1894, he married the Grand-Duchess Alexandra

Feodorowna (born Princess [Alix] of Hesse). His Imperial Majesty has five children: the Grand-Duke Alexis, Hei to the Throne; and the Grand-Duchesses Olga, Tatiana, Maria, and Anastasia.

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IMPERIAL RU,5SIA:HERPOW] R & IER PR0GRECs8. 83″ .f ý,ý.o 1. oeP.ýý’o’ý.c}F!::{!:: 0t ~ ~ oao~o~~P~~!~~Bi ~ Yrh~ ~cC~~CER C-ll ý1 .. Ty NATU?:11: Chtý_kc L a RTINTYOFGREATE FUTURE- ‘tRf4 ENPUrJ < ~~~~~~~b oI· ~n1 ~ -omuoo..~ Ki T,:i:rl; ~ i~aa~.i sA. Tf 'AU:hlCONMWIL~~ A- ·~·· ·,~

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tie 1ii thi twio ,.ilia 1 mtpiree in lite torld alreadiv exsted i1 the tenth Yi ill tting lin- t Iines, l\i hen mitch a the t ummerl e l I- iu :en 1 inland ,iit iii Asiai pa.tsd lth ugh Iullslt. It is true that the .Iontgol in- s tLIIoteS o th i tl hr- Iwllth (century pIre- ct dl Ilt ts l idoL – sin lull pratit tram ller ,i ll t I l. I t l – graphital sittitttt but allter the colln- rdti ron Iat tihe Mit- S tl IImplirc, Niorth W ctetirn {utei,t lie- me thlel clie Itlnd at transit lor Englhsh exporti to (ientrial .hta, inld vice-s ersa. .t that t imne there existed particularly iactive business rela- tions bet’eeen Londoni andi Novgorod, both Itiemlwlrs and dlistant outpolsts ia the I ian– u seatic League. The

‘. ‘` IIapx t the il TI InýII Empire, bolth in Euriipe ,ml Asia. iii thlte H teetth and sixteenth ccin- turies serionsly interrupred this great commenre.

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yers, till 3. t DI)uring that perird English limechants enjoyed the very greatest piivileges

i I BUILT BY PETER THE GREAT : THE PALACE AT PETERHOF ; WITH ITS FOUNTAINS PLAYING. To such placen as Peterhof, which as on the Gulf of Finland, some fifteen mndes west of St. Petersburg, the dweller in the capital £o not only for lengthy holhdays, but for brief stays and for odd eveningn The Imperial Palace of Peterhof was built by Peter the Great and .s noted not only for the many hilstorical relics and fne workt of art contained in it, but for its beautiful garden, nith fountains and statues, and the imperial pleasure-hoases connected with it.-[Photographs by Bulla. ,ate. .rxsyawýýra ROOM W

in Russia, and also rendered great services to her, laying the foundation of Russo-Per- sian trade and the establishment of Russian *-“* “: :…2i.:i. . !:.- :. t

ilnfluence in Persia. The im- portance which Russia at- tached to her good relations with England was further emphasised by the despatch of speclial Embassies of the Tsars Joii the Terrible and Boris G;odunlov to ijueen Ihi. lxath.l i(il wars ill bth counlltries cauLseid a furlther in]terruption, whiich happily ended with the arrival in Enhgland of Peter the Great in iri8. this greatest Transfornmer of I tussia hIcAnl e

at oince and remained until his death, in 1725, the greatest champion of Anglo- ‘1l; Russian friendship and trade. lie was the first Hussian who fully recolgnisedl 1 England’s leadership in all things 4 maritime, and came to study Enng- land’s specialty-an example since followed by so many Russians. The ast number of orders received Ifrol Russia by British ship-unilders, both Ior war-ships anlll commllllercial ships, s is most ionvincing prool of the un- . shakable confilence of Russia in lEng- land’s maritime talent. The importance of the first regular Anglo-Russian commercial treaty of i lI8

may be seen from the fact that it remained in force till 1855 -that is, for an unlbroken period of 155 years. During al! that time Russia was England’s greatest furnisher of ra;w i ‘ produce; whereas England was Ifussia’s chief iurnisher of manulfactured goods. After the (‘rimean War, owing to the rapid introduction of railway’s and the founding of additional Sleamshlp lines, Anglo-Russian trade increased far more rapidly, reaching finally the vast figures already quoted. The extremely cordial Anglo – Russian rela-

tions of 1914 are due not merely to official friendship on both sides, but to the tll overwhelmingly great popular support which such a policy receives from the masses as well as the ” classes ” in both Empires. The innumerable English admirers of i)ostoi- evsky, Turgeniev, j Tolstoy, and other writers, the equally innumerable Russian admirers not only of , Shakespeare, Milton, Dickens, and all Eng- lish ” classics,” but also of Kipling and other mloderns, the nine thousand or so Britishers who visit Russia yearly, the thousands of regular Russian visitors to this country, the bril- liant equestrian suc- cesses of Russian officers at the Inter- national Hforse Shows, the constant triumphs of Russian musicians

and dancers in London, the ever-increasing de- AU mand for Russian plays, operas, ballets, and finally, the great interest of Russians in all (t ontnnund orrlaf

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Issue 3924. - Vol CXLV

Jul, 04 1914

Illustrated London News