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Lured into War by Germany: The Turkish Army and Its Leaders

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The Turkish Army, by means of the influence of Enver Pasha as Minister of War, and the active aid of the German military mission to Turkey, headed by General Liman von Sanders, has undergone considerable reorganisation since the Balkan War. The issuing of the new war-service uniform, in which the various units are shown in our illustrations, is one detail of the changes made. Since then, also, a steady infiltration of German officers into all arms of the Turkish service has been proceeding, and upwards of a thousand, in addition to German non-commissioned officer-instructors, are stated to be with Turkish armies in the field. As far as is known, when Turkey openly joined Germany against the Allies, six army corps, numbering some 22o,ooo Nizams, or regulars of the first line, were quartered on the European side of the Bosphorus; five corps, I8o,ooo men, were in Asia, mostly near Erzerum and the Russian frontier ; while the Damascus corps, 35,000 strong, with 6000oo camel-mounted Bedouin Irregulars in advance, were moving towards Egypt. The force to be employed against Egypt is now stated to have been reinforced up to about 75,000 men, infantry, cavalry, and artillery, with the former Ministe- of Marine, Djemal Pasha, in chief command. Nothing is on record of Djemal’s military service or ability. Enver Pasha, as War Minister, is expected to remain at Constantinople. The Turkish field artillery is armed with 7″5 cm. Krupp guns, and the infan’ry with German Mausers of 7’5 mm. calibre.

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Issue 3946. - Vol CXLV

Dec, 05 1914

Illustrated London News