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By G. K. CHESTERTON.


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ltn uls. In]lighrltend by thi, thouight, we ale able to tIalfe t lle 01l1e tlndl!r’ Itottltl Ill thi CollleIn of libtll t ] ” Serbhi. So0 -in nlly was Alln tf- Oi lt-ri, ,ll smnller lkngdomls that she wshed to rohlele The “poor Strbiani tof the labour of conductinlg l1eI on I CV ‘ourt, a d h o~)1 n po ll ice sltai ll o . Iere, algl lln, the pr’t Ital] IlorI! lfor t II unalll red. If thell (IIIetltanl Il’ ts lIt 1 1 i n:t l aItI onllt , that i how theyi 11e lthem if they Intend to protect them, that i what thet mw-tn b protfI tong them. It i, as well to know ths, thingu . II \tt said, and this is very


SQUADR-COMMANDER ROBERT GORI)ON, R.N.A.S.


FLIGHT-COMMDR. JOHN TULLOCH CULL, R.N.A.S.


CAPTAIN ERIC JOHN ARTHUR FULLERTON, R.N.


COMMANDER ROBERT AMCOTTS WILSON, R.N.


The four officers whose portraits we give ;and Flight Sub-Lieut. Harwood James Arnold, R.N.A.S.) have been appointed to the D.S.O. for operations against the ” Koenigsberg.” Squadron-Commander Gordon ;Captain Temporary Major , R.M.) was in command of the Air Squadron, and ran great risks in “spotting ” and reconnoitring. Fhlght-Commander Cull and Flight Sub-Lieut. Arnold were “spotting ” under fire in a biplane which was so damaged that it descended in a quarter of an hour from 32oo00 feet to 2000oo feet. Without attempting to return to headquarters, although they knew that unless they started at once they could not do so, Fhrght Sub-Lieut. Arnold continued to send his signals, and Flight-Commander Cull controlled the machine to the last, although the biplane was again hit Finally, the aeroplane came down in the river, and Flight- Commander Cull was nearly drowned. Captain Fullerton, m charge of the two monitors, conducted very uccessfully the operations in the river. Commander Wilson, also of the monltors, did most valuable work. lrl,.,l,,yrphI, rVk ftirLclt. Sr,.rmm indI Rerarll.


important, that Prussia had desired peace before the war as well as after it. If we are to regard this statement as having any basis, or even any mean- ing, we must admit that the Germanic Powers did not regard any of their own proposals as provocative. It was not a provocation to Serbia to order her to suppress by Austrian lawlessness papers that could not be suppressed by Serbian law. It was not a pro- vocation to make King Peter do as the servant of Austria what he actually was not allowed to do Cs the Sovereign of Serbia. It was not a provocation to


tell a (coniitietionai l Kllig 10 idetTOV his own Con- stutl whion within twenty four hours. The Serbians ought to have accepted all this as the most natural thing In the world. Russia, the trusted champion of the free Balkan States, ought to have accepted this violent evisceration of one of them as the mlost natulral th!ng in the world. Very well. If, therefore, the Prussiian said then or says now that he wants peace, this is the sort of peace that he wants. He wants a peace in which hlie can suddenly tell any authority anywhere to take away its own policeman from the corner of its o’n street, and plut a Prussian policeman there instead. IIe wants a peace in which the British Constitlution can bci e brokieln u!a in twenlty-four hours


wicnlover lie wants it brokten ul, He si-aits a peace in ohich he can say, whenever the fancy takes him, that Amnl·Iianll judges aire not good enoulgh to preslde at American trials or that -French dletectives canniot be trusted io arrest French crilminals ; he wants a peace ill which lie can say this, and he sure of having the judges and d1etectives inunediately removed. The links im the chain of logic lhere are quite inseparable and unbreakable. As lie certainly said that Ins pro- posals ought to have led to peace for Europe, the only possible deduc- tion is that they ought to have led to onitotiioence for himself. Now herein lies tile importance, as regards his new talk of peace, of his old pleas for the freedom of the sea, for nationalities, and for the future iharmony of thlie orld. It does not matter to us whether, in professing to care for these things, hie is simply a grea y hypocrite or an extraordinarily self-deluded dreamer. What matters is that the Prussian, well knowing what he did on the sea, what he did to nationalities, and what he proposed by way of peace, still justifies them andl will continue them whenever he caIn. It Prussia can, in the face and fll nmemory of these facts, calmly re- peat her aims as her ideals, then she does not or will not see anything other than ideal about them. In peace or war, the lives of womnen and children going on journeys are rightly depen- dent upon the caprice of the German (;overnmient ; in peace or war, the frontiers of free nations are liable to suidden visitationls and violations when- ever there is a German ” necessity ” in peace or war, any Constitutional liberties in any independent kingdom san be suspended by the most abrupt G;erman order. If we make any kind of peace at this moment, the whole of this astounding attitude is unchecked and unchantged. Prussia’s successes are indeed quite inadequate for the con tmnuance of her action. But they are quite adequate for the continu- ance of her attitude. Peace to-day swould be a benediction upon butchery


andl treachery and the utter irresponsibility of big battalions. Peace to-day would be nothing else but that; it would not even be peace to morrow. Poussia’s conception of herself is of a sort of Rome, to which all realms belong by a transcendental right, and which has a mission to remake mankind. Only w
herever the Roman eagles went some sort of songs and arts followed. But wherever, cven in Germany, the shadow of the Prussian eagle has passed, the birds of the woods have fallen silent. [(‘py ;Ihled in the U.S.. 4 , “t ,’ 1o,-k t a A- . a “j



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