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t·li ti ‘it Iii it 1111111 1 lii’ l.i’las’1 itilli. It i it 1ll ll ut euld be displ nsed wLith. In a repant pblisihed byhI the Surgical Sociietv of lIt., nut1 I)upnut dul Kindlirdjy, t writing 11 Itr o i the lltIat French hospitals at lt ir1nt, say that (lean pirioratioins of the liticn b bullets, hich in the Ru so- .lapans 1111ar I ,ul lu Imoslty be trusted to h’. l .1, Il 1s int ntlnt , hael in thsll. one wltha.t I.xieption1 prt

llc-l tin ct luniig -ciang cas respt ribll for a good ýLcii cccir ta haiild tlic casucalties, it is to artillirv

dciii· I.1r ·~l. 111 blot till grt eiiC ccbl uI-t’ cIi iiiiii l lic o plicc can-rd by the,~ lu shi nitl balci icis Iiut cit ii it hii i the ,Il ipfloi L ii Such Lv((ind ile ecaturi from than: cased a by-~ii t1 modernli andii binccg (is billi to lice dial, o Sccltcrin cciiand Sad & cult, uhec i a buidlet ofi Iti cc thdlci half- fired wit h iciw Sccii- cit-c at at distaccce areil withinc 500 yardsu, gave ia wounicd cdlntusedic as

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well as pncctratilg, and was almost certain to shatter a bone in its passage. Shell-wounds, properly so called that is to say, lIthe caused by irregularly shaped pieces of iron torn off the envelope of the shell by the bursting of thl charge-a Le provitng unexpectedly ” benign!,” and, unless they kill outright,


seldom do morel than gash the softer parts of the anatomy-. As for those caused by the bayonet,


lance, or sword, the French say that now that the war of patrols and outposts has transferred

HALF-A-MILE OF RED INDIAN HIISTORY ON CANVAS: PART OF A PICTORIAL RECORD OF THE BLACKFEET INDIANS- THE LIFE OF CHIEF BOY AND BLACK BEAR (TWO SECTIONS). We give four of the 250 sections of a pictorial history of the Blockfeet Indians, a half-mile canvas roll painted by members of the Blaokfeet tribe in the Glacier National Park Reservation. Montana, and given by them to Mr. L. W. Hill, President of the Great Northern Railway, for use as a friese in the great log hotels erected by him for tourirts to Glacier National Park. In making the presentation, the Indians suggested that it was very appropriate that the pictorial history should be placed in these “Lodges,” as they stand upon the sites of the Blackeet’s old hunting-grounds The work, on which the Indians have been engaged for nearly a year, has called already for the use of hundreds of pounds of brilliant-coloured mineral paints (such as are used for war-paint) taken from the heights of Chief Mountain. Some of the incidents are from three-hundred-year-old elkkin records.-[Photographs by G. G. Ban.)

tiAC[1:,tALLING I PC$I ml El”I. ON tA;D.

its If to the trenches, they have become so rare as to

be hardly worth while bringing into tile account. With wounds of all these varieties, it is cheering to notice thnt the free use of iodine and other antiseptic dressings, wiih injections of anti-tetanus serum and pcroxide of hydrogen

where ildicated, are beginning to stamp out the te- tanns and hospital gangrene which at one time threat- ened to be so for- midablc. What, now, is the chance of serious injury from the wounds inflicted by any weapon ? Some statistics compiled by the French medical staff from returns up to Dec. I sup- ply a convenient answer. Less than 31 per cent. prove fatal, and about

17- per cent. become what are called ” hospital cases ” and demand prolonged treatment. Nearly

55 per cent. are so slgnt mat te patient, alter getting his wound dressed, can return to the ranks, and another 25 per cent. can be discharged to their homes or to rest hospitals and depots for convalescents at the base. There remain less than Ii per cent. who are permanently injured so as to be unfit for any future service. This, of course, takes no notice of those who are either killed at once or die on the field before efficient aid can reach them, the proportion of these to the general percentage of wounded being another story. It seems to follow from these figures that the sufferings of those wounded in their country’s cause have been very considerably reduced by the progress of medical science and the greater atten- tion paid to casualties. More than half of those who reach hospital return immediately to the front, and three- quarters either do so or are discharged

to convalescence. Of the scanty quarter who remain for longer treatment less than a fifth

die, and a much smaller fraction are permanently injured. Amputations, the French sur- geons inform us, are almost un- known in modern military hospitals, and the crop of one-armed or one- legged soldiers, which formed the aftermath of the Napoleolic wars, should, therefore, be a thin one. If, as must be admitted, Science has in some ways added to the horrors of war, in others she has done something to re- duce them.-F. L.

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Issue 3952. - Vol CXLVI

Jan, 16 1915

Illustrated London News