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STAMPING OUT CIRCLES OF SHEET STEEL, WHICH WILL BE SHAPED INTO HELMETS- ON THE LEFT, CUT DISCS; ON THE RIGHT, THE METAL CUT AWAY.
MAKING THE CROWNS OF THE STEEL HELMETS ROM THE METAL DISCS WITH Tll AID OF A PRESSING-MACHIEEN THE LEFT DISCS SHAPED nO HELMETS.
PUNCINEG HOLES IN THE HELMETS, FOR VENTILATION AND THAT THE CREST AND OTHER ACCESSORIES CAN BE FIXED.
ii MAKING THE BRIMS WITH SPECIAL MACHINERY–WORK DONE BY WOMEN, EACH OF WHOM CAN TURN OUT 12.(000 PIECES A DAY.
I FIXING THE BRIMS ON HELMETS-WORK DONE BY WOMEN, WHO ARE SEEN SOLDERING WITH THE AID OF BLOW-PIPES.
FROM the time that the sheet steel is taken in hand, sixty – four operations have to be performed be- fore a complete helmet results. The first thing is to cut from the seven- tenths-of – a – millimetre-thick metal the circles of steel which will be formed into the crowns of the helmets. Each machine will stamp out Sooa of these a day. The discs are then
FRENCH HELMET 1915
pressed into shape more or less like that of a pudding-bowl with a rim. Two operations go to this part of the work. The helmet-crowns are then polished, for the removal of irregu- larities. After this they are passed along to those who punch holes in them, for ventilation and for the fix- ing of the crests and other accessories. [GClnciU s sYP’-
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The brims are fashioned from the metal left over when the circular discs were cut up, and are shaped by women at the rate, for each woman, of x2,ooo brims a day. The next thing is to attach brims to the crowns, and badges according to the arm by which the helmets are to be worn. The helmets are then cleaned and dipped in a special mixture to
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make them inconspicuous in the field. Finally, the leather chin-straps, the lining, etc., are fitted. Thus, very briefly, we describe some of the sixty – four processes. Despite the amount of work to be done, five French factories engaged exclusively on the work made in six months helmets for two million soldiers.
-I PIZING STRAPS, LININGS. AND OTHER ACCESSORIES TO THE HELMETS AFTER THEY HAVE BEEN DULLE -ONE OF 64 NECESSARY OPERATIONS.
Our readers do not need to be told that the French troops in the field have been using, for some time and with considerable success, light helmets of steel which are designed to protect the head from fragments of shrapnel and ricochet bullets more particularly. Dr. Devraigne, studying the value of the French helmets, examined fifty-five cas of head injury, in which forty-two of the wounded men had no head-piece and thirteen wore helmets. Of the forty-two, twenty-three had the skull fractured, and most of them died. The other nineteen had merely scalp wounds. Of the thirteen men who were armour – protected, eight wwere sufering more or less severely from “cerebral shock,” but none died. The other
five had slight superficial wounds or scratches. Since that time the value of the helmet has been proved over and over again. This is particularly interesting in view of the fact that, according to a paper read recently at the Paris Academy of Medicine, 13″33 per cent of all wounds are in the head, and head – wounds are notoriously of a fatal character. It is now announced, through Mr. Tennant, in the House of Commons, that some thousands of steel helmets have been issued to our own troops at the front, and that the total number asked for will soon be despatched. The British steel skull-cap illustrated is of a type which can be bought in this country. It was on view at the Tower recently, but is not official.