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The Chronicle of the Car

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A Retrospect. Another year has passed since 1896, it the aLutumn of which eIar thle motottr- car was pertnt!ted to itln on our roads. I use the word ” lon n!ised~ly, as before that date the red-flag mlan had to m rlk bifiorei all it thanscaily propelled vehl les on tihe higheat’. If my itlnemorV serves Ime rightly, on Nov. 1, I g,9 there IT re about thirty Inm hanicall pro- pelied road mat htines (barring steam-rollers) it England, Ireland, Scotland, and Wales. To day or rather, on Noi I, IirI the latstI tIttor-vehltitle census revealed a total ,f 5 91,717 nmtorns ,I all sorts suliv ided in figures of Is 1 ti tmot, r lars, 2 t2, i t intllllntli autollt obles, anti 2 I tl utotur-t Ites in tihe nited KitedOtn and Ireland Th’i i- representti.t- ,i total lilt irese of 11 ,o)5 Iiechanial road Sii Il esI In ttle Isnilthiis Ini Nov. 1, N ; . and does not itn iude tall the war totores. Nineteien years is not a very long ipetrI of tine, vet represents a remarkable growth ill the tthrooie It of the ta: Atordingll to the First Comi/tIs stoner of P(Iole, on ()it {I. 19r4 tilere were 3647 lmotoir Olllt)ubules in Io’ In the Metropolis, besides 7277 mlotor- alts, -while ;ti o 65 mlototr-cars, (t915 ltheavy commercial iiottr v]ll s, Ils nd i t , i mo totor-tetes ttre registered in tihe inlllln t Iof London. ‘I his is is nlreed a victory for the ” iron ilhorse,” and its uses are as varied as those of its ritune folrerunnller. Somlle day, no doubiit, the aeroplane mill have a slimlar story to tell, andti then we shall have rt-alled thie prophetic utterances of Mother Shipton. Private Enterprise. In U is great advanie of the auto-

11tlitle In- dustry in this country :t is well ito etmber that private enterpn1se hats alone aci n- phhed the Ifeat There ithas been no State help1t in fait tie nlllht atlo.t say that there has been State intei er- nice and hindrame to its nacre». Yet when the nation fonlund illsell ldrawn into 11a, the liautolnil pralyiV that by itsI uits mnle tia s in the lhihi ituhl be ted. tl, lhgeme id the enovl y’,l ill ýtiell ,ouhl he obtaeind, and the ilihtng fotuc itsell moved from plat. to plan lby the onle dle plmeild ” snllll uo .” .AN1 till Is dlIue to th, lpubllh lthai t ell Olllur.lýp d the tlý iiioto (,Iar n ckc 10 plo rtd

and nii a rl n flcne½ of his an nor nanihuis. Iln the punblic alt inn ; isiiiiuut to datas pinnlectlion inna been possible; and tinnnnnnzl thie ulie t tie motorn sninin le in tine iiindustrial wonrldn in small comnpared with whiat it cilll

he in another nineteen years to come, already it has taken the advance outposts of its rival the horse as the transporter of merchandise, of produce, and conveyer of passengers in public’-service vehicles.

APPROVED BY THE ADMIRALTY: AN ARMOURED LANCHESTER CAR. Our illustration shows a British armoured-car, built by the Lanchester Motor Company, Ltd.. of a type much favoured by the Admiralty, who have placed with the Company a contract to build a large number. Ample accommodation for four men is afforded, and, owing to the Lanchester engine being “m board ‘ the mechanic can carry out any small adjustment or repair completely under cover from the enemy’s fire.


Cars of the Year. Lookmng bai k on the pat year, there are several points of automobile interest that deserve recording. In the first place, there is the trinumph of electric lighting as a mnedium of road-

illumination for car-lamps, and by its success it makes me wonder whether we shall not see a revival of the electric motor-carriage in the near future. America is largely dominating our low-price-car movement, and the electrically propelled vehicle has considerable vogue in certain parts of that continent. Already in England there are two firms producing this type of vehicle both for private and commercial usage, and both of a calibre that would not waste their energies on chimeras of a business nature. \ith regard to notable successes of British petrol-using ars, the items that stand out prominently are that of the Rolls-Royce in the Alpine Trials; that of the Sunbeam, the winners of the Daily Telegraph Qxooo and Tourist Trophy in the Isle of Man; the Vauxhall, Talbot, and Straker-Squire as successful prize-winners in many hill- t hmbing and other contests. The Straker-Squire shone prominently in the Isle of Man race, and the firm’s policy of the one model has been more than justified-it has been a success. It is eight years ago since this well-known ” fifteen ” was first brought to the notice of the public in the Irish trials of that year. Since then, each year has seen the car grow better, more powerful, and with a larger wheel-base. So, with its constant improvements in details of its design and construc- tion, it has grown from a small touring-car into an all-round motor for any type of carriage conceivably useful to the motoring community. This year’s model has its four-cylinder engine 90 mm. by 120 mm., whereas b7 mm. was the original bore of the first motor. The wheel-base is 9 ft. 6 in., in place of the earlier 8 ft. 6 in.;

while now four forward speeds are fitted in place of the three in the original gear- box. Moderate in price, it is excellent value for the money. As for the Rolls-Royce, it is constantly having small detail refinements made by its builders so that it shall continue to hold its important place in the automobile world, and this year’s products are, if possible, better than last year. Both Sunbeam and Vauxliall cars will find continued favour in the hands of sporting motorists. Each has learnt the lessons taught by their past experi- ences in last year’s racing contests. Improvements have been made, and both have been worthy of the Govern- ment orders given to them for

fighting-cars as well as for ambulances. They will remain, no doubt, rivals both in peace and in war; while at the same time they must be counted among the cars of the year. W. W.

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Issue 3950. - Vol CXLVI

Jan, 02 1915

Illustrated London News