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The taking, on November 25, of Basra (known otherwise as Bussorah), the great Turkish trading centre and port in the Middle East, situated below the confluence of the Euphrates and Tigris, sixty miles from the head of the Persian Gulf, was not only a brilliantly designed and executed operation of war on the part of the Indian Government, but also an event hkely to prove in the future of far-reaching strategic and political importarce. The capture was effected within seventeen days of the declaration of war, and followed as the sequel to the severe defeat of the Turkish troops in the neighbourhood three days before, when the Turks fled from the battlefield, leaving guns, wounded, and prisoners in our hands. The blow to the material interests and prestige of both Germany and Turkey is a heavy one. Basra was to have been the terminus of the great German enterprise of the Bagdad Railway. Part of the work, indeed, on the line between Bagdad and Basra had been constructed. Basra’s import and export trade, in addition, amounts to over two millions sterling a year.- In the Near East the Bikaner Camel Corps, one of the contingents voluntarily offered for Imperial defence by its Maharajah, one of the leading Indian feudatories, has been in action on the Egyptian frontier with part of the Turkish advance guard. Our illustrations also show portions of the Territorial Army in Egypt for the defence of the country. Their arrival enabled Regulars of the former Egyptian garrison to be drafted to the front in Europe.